Which factor would be considered a part of the general external environment?

All outside factors that may affect an organization make up the external environment. The external environment is divided into two parts:

Directly interactive: This environment has an immediate and firsthand impact upon the organization. A new competitor entering the market is an example.

Indirectly interactive: This environment has a secondary and more distant effect upon the organization. New legislation taking effect may have a great impact. For example, complying with the Americans with Disabilities Act requires employers to update their facilities to accommodate those with disabilities.

Directly interactive forces include owners, customers, suppliers, competitors, employees, and employee unions. Management has a responsibility to each of these groups. Here are some examples:

Owners expect managers to watch over their interests and provide a return on investments.

Customers demand satisfaction with the products and services they purchase and use.

Suppliers require attentive communication, payment, and a strong working relationship to provide needed resources.

Competitors present challenges as they vie for customers in a marketplace with similar products or services.

Employees and employee unions provide both the people to do the jobs and the representation of work force concerns to management.

The second type of external environment is the indirectly interactive forces. These forces include sociocultural, political and legal, technological, economic, and global influences. Indirectly interactive forces may impact one organization more than another simply because of the nature of a particular business. For example, a company that relies heavily on technology will be more affected by software updates than a company that uses just one computer. Although somewhat removed, indirect forces are still important to the interactive nature of an organization.

The sociocultural dimension is especially important because it determines the goods, services, and standards that society values. The sociocultural force includes the demographics and values of a particular customer base.

Demographics are measures of the various characteristics of the people and social groups who make up a society. Age, gender, and income are examples of commonly used demographic characteristics.

Values refer to certain beliefs that people have about different forms of behavior or products. Changes in how a society values an item or a behavior can greatly affect a business. (Think of all the fads that have come and gone!)

The political and legal dimensions of the external environment include regulatory parameters within which an organization must operate. Political parties create or influence laws, and business owners must abide by these laws. Tax policies, trade regulations, and minimum wage legislation are just a few examples of political and legal issues that may affect the way an organization operates.

The technological dimension of the external environment impacts the scientific processes used in changing inputs (resources, labor, money) to outputs (goods and services). The success of many organizations depends on how well they identify and respond to external technological changes.

For example, one of the most significant technological dimensions of the last several decades has been the increasing availability and affordability of management information systems (also known as MIS). Through these systems, managers have access to information that can improve the way they operate and manage their businesses.

The economic dimension reflects worldwide financial conditions. Certain economic conditions of special concern to organizations include interest rates, inflation, unemployment rates, gross national product, and the value of the U.S. dollar against other currencies.

A favorable economic climate generally represents opportunities for growth in many industries, such as sales of clothing, jewelry, and new cars. But some businesses traditionally benefit in poor economic conditions. The alcoholic beverage industry, for example, traditionally fares well during times of economic downturn.

The global dimension of the environment refers to factors in other countries that affect U.S. organizations. Although the basic management functions of planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling are the same whether a company operates domestically or internationally, managers encounter difficulties and risks on an international scale. Whether it be unfamiliarity with language or customs or a problem within the country itself (think mad cow disease), managers encounter global risks that they probably wouldn't have encountered if they had stayed on their own shores.

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Author : Ami Fitri Utami, SE., MSM

Despite of the emergence of internal stability, a firm’s external environment is also challenging and complex for a business. Due to its effect on performance, firm must develop skills required to identify opportunities and threats that are a part of its external environment. In general, there are three major parts of external environment in business includes the general environment, the industrial environment and the competitor’s environment.

First, the widest environment which reflected in the general environment contains of segments and elements in the broader society which may affect industries and the competing firm inside. In this vein, the general environment classified into differed seven segments i.e: demographic, economic, political/legal, sociocultural, technological, global and physical. For each segment, the firm has to determine the strategic relevance of environmental changes and trends. These aspects are imperative due to current changes.

Moreover, the industrial environment has a more direct effect on the firm’s competitive actions and responses compared with the general environment. By this, the analysis of industrial environment might be done by using the five forces model of competition includes the threat of entry, the power of suppliers, the power of buyers, product substitutes, and the intensity of rivalry among competition. By studying these forces, the firm finds a position in an industry where it can influence the forces in its favor or where it can buffer itself from the power of the forces to achieve strategic competitiveness and earn above-average returns.

While general and industrial environment urge companies to understand a wider external business environment, the competitor environment includes those strategic groups in the business population. Since competitive rivalry is greater within a strategic group, competitor analysis urges the firm to understand about the future objectives, current strategies, assumption, and capabilities of the companies with which it competes directly. These attempt also might called as a competitor intelligence which aimed to gather the set of data, information, and knowledge that allows the firms to better understand its competitors and thereby predict their likely competitive actions and responses.

    Which factor would be considered a part of the general external environment?

    Which factors are included in external environment?

    Here are the nine types of external environment factors that affect businesses:.
    Technological factors. ... .
    Economic factors. ... .
    Political and legal factors. ... .
    Demographic factors. ... .
    Social factors. ... .
    Competitive factors. ... .
    Global factors. ... .
    Ethical factors..

    What is a general external environment?

    The big picture of an organization's external environment, also referred to as the general environment, is an inclusive concept that involves all outside factors and influences that impact the operation of a business that an organization must respond or react to in order to maintain its flow of operations.

    What are the 4 types of external factors?

    External factors.
    political - For example, new legislation..
    economic - For example, inflation and unemployment..
    social - Changes in taste and fashion or the increase in spending power of one group, for example, older people..
    technological - For example, being able to sell goods online or using automation in factories..

    What are the 5 external factors?

    There are five main types of external factors:.
    Political factors..
    Economic factors..
    Social factors..
    Technological factors..
    Environmental factors..
    Competitive factors..